Information for Buyers and Sellers from the Oklahoma Real Estate Contract Form Committee
This information has been disseminated in a printed pamphlet developed by the Oklahoma Real Estate Contract Form Committee. The pamphlet was first printed in March 2006 and revised annually thereafter. Click here for a copy of the Oklahoma Contract Information Booklet. Hard copies of this pamphlet and the contract form and related addenda are available at www.orec.ok.gov.
The Oklahoma Real Estate Contract Form Committee was created by the Oklahoma Legislature in 2001 to create a residential real estate purchase contract and related addenda for use by real estate licensees. The Committee consisted of a total of 11 members: three (3) from the Oklahoma Real Estate Commission; three (3) from the Oklahoma Bar Association; and five (5) members from the Oklahoma Association of REALTORS®.
The information contained herein, the residential sales contract, and related addenda do not constitute legal advice and are not a substitute for the advice of an attorney. Legal advice of any nature should be sought from competent legal counsel.
Negotiations to purchase a home begin when the Buyer makes a written Offer to purchase the Seller’s home. The Seller may accept, reject, or make a Counter Offer to the Buyer’s offer. The offer may go back and forth until both parties have agreed to all terms in writing, and the document has been delivered to both Buyer and Seller (or their Broker as authorized.) At this point the offer becomes a Contract.
During the Offer and Counteroffer process, the listing broker (if applicable is required by law to continue presenting all offers to the Seller up until the time the Seller accepts an offer in writing. Further, during the offer/counteroffer process the Seller may withdraw the Seller’s counteroffer and accept another contract if the Seller’s counteroffer has not been accepted and signed by the Buyer and delivered back to the Seller, or if authorized, the Listing Broker. Likewise, the Buyer may withdraw the Buyer’s offer and purchase a different property if the Buyer’s offer has not been accepted and signed by the Seller and delivered back to the Buyer, or if authorized, the Selling Broker. All items of a Contract are negotiable between the Buyer and the Seller.
Prior to the Buyer submitting an Offer, the Buyer should try to obtain a Conditional Loan Approval from a valid lending institution. This will assist the Buyer to determine the Buyer’s housing price range of a home. It is not a guarantee that a loan will be given; however, it does check the Buyer’s credit worthiness and known history. A Buyer or Seller should not confuse this with a Final Loan Commitment that is not obtained until prior to closing to ensure all of the Buyer’s financials are considered.
The Contract consists of the the Contract form and any related addenda and/or attachments. Once signed by both the Buyer and the Seller, the contract is valid and binding upon each party–if the contract is not understood by either party, the party should seek advice from an attorney. Each party, both the Buyer and the Seller, should read the entire contract and related addenda and attachments. The Contract shall be executed by original signatures of the parties or by signatures as reflected on separate identical Contract counterparts (carbon, photo, or fax copies).
LEGAL DESCRIPTION 
The Legal Description area of the contract should contain the legal and physical property address. The contract, unless altered, states that the property sale includes all sub-surface/mineral/water rights owned by the Seller unless specifically reserved by the Seller and noted in the Contract and excluding mineral rights previously reserved or conveyed of record.
PURCHASE PRICE, EARNEST MONEY, AND SOURCE OF FUNDS 
The contract is designed for a cash transaction unless a Financing Supplemental Agreement is attached and indicated at the top of the Contract.
Many choices are available to the Buyer in regard to a mortgage that fits the needs of the Buyer. A real estate licensee works with many lending companies and may be able to provide the Buyer with a list from which to choose. However, the Buyer is responsible for choosing a lending institution that accommodates the Buyer’s needs. Further, if a licensee refers a Buyer to a particular lending institution, for which the licensee will receive compensation due to the referral, the licensee is required to make written disclosure to the Seller and the Buyer regarding such compensation.
It is the responsibility of the lending institution to disclose State and federal Regulations concerning the terms and conditions of the real estate loan for which the Buyer applies.
The provisions of the Financing Supplemental Agreement require the following:
- The Buyer must make loan application in accordance with provisions of the Contract, usually within five (5) days following the Time Reference Date as stated in Provision .
- The Buyer must pay all fees required by the lender, including appraisal and credit report fees, at the time of application and instruct the lender to process the loan immediately.
- The Buyer should instruct the lender to provide the Listing Broker (if requested) written confirmation that the credit report and appraisal have been ordered.
- The Buyer must proceed immediately to obtain a commitment for hazard insurance to cover the Property in accordance with Provision  of the Contract.
The Buyer should be aware of “predatory lenders.” These lenders charge excessive fees or charge higher interest than is required based on Buyer’s credit history. To learn more about predatory lending, the Buyer can check the Department of Consumer Credit website: www.okdocc.state.ok.us. The Buyer can also check with Consumer Credit (800-448-4904) to determine if a mortgage broker is licensed. It is recommended that the Buyer investigate the reputation and stability of the lender. Also the Commission has a publication on its website at www.orec.ok.gov regarding Predatory Lending under Publications.
CLOSING, FUNDING, AND POSSESSION 
The Buyer will be required to pay the balance of the purchase price with cash, cashier’s or certified check, or other funds acceptable to the Seller. The closing company may not accept payment of the balance with the following: personal check, corporate check, employer’s check, investment account check, or asset management check. Most closing companies will not accept cash because the companies have no way to secure the cash.
It is recommended that the Buyer contact the closing company prior to the closing to determine the acceptable form of payment for the balance of the purchase price. The Buyer will need a photo identification (i.e., driver’s license, etc.) at closing.
Proceeds to the Seller from the closing are generally paid by the closing company’s check. A closing company’s check may not be cashed by the bank as readily as a cashier’s check. The bank may not release the funds to the Seller until the closing company’s check clears. If the Seller prefers a cashier’s check, the Seller should contact the closing company at least 48 hours prior to the closing and request that the Seller’s proceeds be paid by cashier’s check.
ACCESSORIES, EQUIPMENT, AND SYSTEMS 
This section lists items that will remain with the property. If there are additional items the Buyer wants included, each item should be specifically listed under “Additional Inclusions.” The Seller is bound only by what is stated in the Conract, and the Buyer should not rely on anything other than what is written in the Contract. If the Seller is not including an item in the purchase price, the item(s) should be specifically listed under “Exclusions.”
TIME PERIODS 
Time periods as specified in the Contract shall commence on the Time Reference Date. The day after the Time Reference Date shall be counted as day one (1) of the Contract regardless of the date the Contract is signed by the Buyer and the Seller.
RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY CONDITION DISCLOSURE ACT 
The Residential Property Condition Disclosure Act requires the Seller, prior to the Seller accepting an offer to purchase, to complete and make available to the Buyer a Residential Property Condition Disclosure Statement Form or DisclaimerForm. The Disclosure Form requires the Seller to disclose a vast amount of information regarding the Property.
The Disclaimer Form indicates that the Seller has no knowledge regarding the condition of the property; has no actual knowledge of any defects; and has never occupied the Property.
The real estate licensee has the duty to obtain the Disclosure or Disclaimer form (and any amendments thereto) from the Seller and provide them to the Buyer prior to a Seller accepting an offer to purchase. The real estate licensee has the duty to disclose to the Buyer any defects in the Property actually known to the licensee which are not included in the disclosure statement or any amendment thereto. The real estate licensee does not have a duty to conduct an independent inspection of the Property and has no duty to verify the accuracy or completeness of the statements made by the Seller. Both parties should read the “Oklahoma Residential Property Condition Disclosure Act” for other information.
INVESTIGATIONS, INSPECTIONS, AND REVIEWS 
The Buyer is encouraged to have a qualified professional (with appropriate qualifications) conduct inspections of the entire property during the time period as stated in the Contract. The Buyer should accompany the inspector during the inspection. The Buyer should not rely on a friend or themselves to make these inspections.
The contract language makes reference to a person the Buyer deems qualified–the Buyer should be aware that no one can receive a fee for performing an inspection unless they have obtained the appropriate license from the Home Inspector’s Board which is under the jurisdiction of the Health Department or exception as noted in the paragraph below. To ensure you are hiring a licensed person, please contact (405) 271-5243 or www.health.state.ok.us.
The Health Department’s rules indicate that an inspection can be performed by a licensed home inspector, an individual holding an occupational license, a licensed termite inspector, an individual inspecting new residential construction, an architect, an engineer, a professional craftsman with expertise in a specific area inspecting any single-item, or a person qualified by education or training to conduct a specific inspection.
A real estate licensee may provide the Buyer with a list of professionals from which to choose; however, the Buyer is responsible for choosing a qualified professional that accommodates the Buyer’s needs. Further, if a licensee refers a Buyer to a particular service for which the licensee will receive compensation due to such referral, the licensee is required to make written disclosure to the Seller and the Buyer regarding such compensation.
In addition to the items listed, the Buyer can write in any additional item of concern to the Buyer at the time of making the Offer and have these items investigated, inspected, or reviewed. Further, if the Buyer plans to obtain a federally-insured loan (FHA), the Department of Housing and Urban Development requires the Buyer to sign a form that encourages obtaining a home inspection. The form can be obtained from the Oklahoma Real Estate Commission’s website under Contract forms.
If the Property is not connected to a public sewer system (property that is on a septic tank or lagoon system), the Buyer should have the system inspected by a qualified expert. The Buyer can also contact the Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) for septic tank information.
Buyer’s Right to Inspect the Property [B]
Flood Notice [B1]
The City of Tulsa has an ordinance that requires a Seller to notify a Buyer if the Seller’s property is located in an area designated by the City as a flood hazard area. Other cities may have similar ordinances. The Seller needs to contact city officials where the property is located to determine whether there is a similar flood notification ordinance.
Flood Hazard Evaluation [B2]
It is the Buyer’s responsibility to investigate the Property’s flood, storm run off water, storm sewer backup or water history. To obtain a written Flood Hazard Evaluation, contact the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. The customary cost of the Evaluation is $25 or $55. The Buyer can also call and make an appointment to visit the Tulsa Corps of Engineers office and examine the maps and information. Phone: (918) 669-7197.
The Corps of Engineers handles all of the State of Oklahoma and there are Floodplain Administrators in every community. The Corps of Engineers can supply the Buyer with the name and phone number of the Floodplain Administrator in the community where the property is located.
For more information on the nature of the water condition as it relates to the Property being purchased, the Buyer may contact neighbors to determine if they have noticed any water problems.
If there is a flood risk, the Lender may require the Buyer to obtain federal flood insurance. Flood insurance may also be purchased on personal property (carpets, drapes, furniture, etc.) and the Buyer should seek advice from an insurance agent.Treatments, Repairs, Replacements, and Reviews [C]
Treatments for Termites and/or Other Wood Destroying Organisms [C1]
This provision specifically addreseses the treatment of termites and/or other wood destroying organisms. The Buyer, during the time period stated in the Contract, is required to have the Property inspected for termites and/or other wood destroying organisms. Any repairs caused by termites or other wood destroying organisms are addressed in the Treatments, Repairs, Replacements, or Reviews provision of the Contract.
Repair Cap for Treatments, Repairs, and Replacements [C2]
The Treatments, Repairs, Replacements and Reviews provision [C2] addresses what the Buyer should do if the Buyer (based on inspections) determines that items need to be treated, repaired and/or replaced due to their not being in normal working order. If costs (Repair Cap) to the Seller exceed those as agreed to in the Contract, and if a written agreement to pay any excess costs is not reached between the parties within the time as stated in the Contract, the Contract is null and void and the Earnest Deposit is to be returned to the Buyer.
Expiration of Buyer’s Right to Cancel Contract [D]
This provision contains several important notices to the Buyer:
- If the Buyer fails to perform Investigations, Inspections or Reviews, or fails to deliver a written list of items to be treated, repaired, and replaced or to cancel the Contract within the time period as specified in the Contract, the Buyer forfeits the right to cancel the Contract and accepts the Property in its condition regardless of its condition.
- Failure of the Buyer to obtain hazard insurance coverage on the Property within the time period as specified in the Contract shall not relieve the Buyer of the obligation to close the transaction. The Buyer is required to check into the availability and costs of coverage during the time period specified in the Contract (7A). In the event hazard insurance coverage is unavailable, or too costly to the Buyer, the Buyer may cancel the Contract under Provision 7C2 within the appropriate time period.
- The Buyer cannot cancel the Contract after the time periods have expired as stated in the Contract if the Buyer determines that the square footage calculation is different than previously stated. The Buyer is required to check into the square footage of the Property during the time period as specified in the Contract (7A). If the Buyer has issues with square footage, the Buyer may cancel the Contract under Provision 7C2 within the appropriate time period.
Inspection of Treatments, Repairs, and Replacements, and Final Walk Through [E]
The Contract allows the Buyer to inspect the Treatments, Repairs, and Replacements made to the Property and the Buyer may perform a final walk-through regarding the overall condition of the Property prior to closing. The Buyer shall pay for any cost incurred for any re-inspection, unless prohibited by the mortgage lender.
Upon Closing Abstract Shall Become Property of Buyer [F]
RISK OF LOSS 
The Risk of Loss provision states that prior to transfer of Title or transfer of Posseession, the risk of loss to the Property shall be on the Seller; after transfer of Title or transfer of Possession, the risk of loss shall be on the Buyer.
ACCEPTANCE OF PROPERTY 
The Acceptance of Property provision states, unless otherwise agreed to in writing, once the Buyer accepts title or takes possession of the Property, the Buyer shall have accepted the Property in its present condition.
The Seller, Broker(s), and affiliated licensees of the Broker provide no warranties, expressed or implied, in regard to the condition of the Property and such shall survive the closing. An exception to this would be those warranties that may be available from a builder on new construction, manufacturer of a new product or a Residential Service Agreement [12} purchased by the Buyer or Seller for a limited time after the closing.
TITLE EVIDENCE 
This provision outlines the Seller’s and the Buyer’s expenses and time requirements for the parties. To accomplish this, the Seller must make the Abstract of Title available to the title closing company so the abstract can be brought up to date. The Buyer, at the Buyer’s expense, may have an Abstract Examination (Attorney’s Title Opinion), and/or obtain a Title Insurance Policy, otherwise, referred to as Title Insurance and obtain any other Lender Required Documents(with the exception of a Mortgage Inspection Certificate.)
There are two types of title insurance policies–a Lender’s Policy and a Buyer’s (Owner’s) Policy. In most financed transactions, title insurance is required by the Lender (Lender’s Policy) to cover the lender’s loan. The Lender’s Title Insurance does not protect the Buyer, even though the Buyer pays the title insurance premium. It is recommended that the Buyer, while purchasing the portion to protect the Lender also purchase the portion that protects the Buyer. The Owner’s Title Policy for the Buyer costs very little more.
Pin Stake Survey
The Buyer can pay for a Pin Stake Survey instead of the Seller paying for and providing the Buyer with a Mortgage Inspection Certificate; however, the Buyer must initial the space provided in the Contract. A Pin Stake survey is more expense and seldom used in today’s platted residential real estate transations. Note: A Pin Stake Survey shows boundaries of the Property with physically located stakes.Buyer to Examine Title Evidence
The Buyer may have the Title examined by an attorney who will render an Attorney’s Title Opinion, or the Buyer may obtain a Title Insurance Policy, or both.
Seller to Correct Issues with Title, Possible Closing Delay
The Seller is to make reasonable efforts to cure title defects that have been identified. This may cause the Closing Date to be extended as referenced in the Contract. Items such as utility easements serving the property, building and use restrictions of record, set back and building lines (unless the structure extends beyond the lines), zoning regulations, and reserved and severed mineral rights, are not considered objections to the Title.
TAXES, ASSESSMENTS, AND PRO-RATIONS 
The day of Closing shall be the responsibility of the Seller with regard to the payment of taxes, assessments, and pro-rations.
RESIDENTIAL SERVICE AGREEMENT 
The parties decide whether or not a Residential Service Agreement (a limited home warranty) will be included in the purchase of the Property. If included, the Seller and/or the Buyer can pay an amount toward the purchase of such an agreement; however, the Buyer is responsible for all costs in excess of agreed amounts. The real estate broker may receive a fee for the referral and processing of a Residential Service Agreement and is required to notify all parties in writing in regard to the referral. The Buyer is advised that the limited home warranty does not replace or substitute the property inspection rights the Buyer has and the Buyer is encouraged to perform all inspections.
ADDITIONAL PROVISIONS 
This portion of the Contract allows the Buyer to address items of particular interest that are not already addressed in the Contract.
If a dispute arises regarding the Contract, the dispute shall be submitted to an Alternative Dispute Resolution System available in the county wherein the Property is located. Any Settlement Agreement shall be binding. In the event an agreement is not reached between the parties, the parties may pursue legal remedies as provided by the Contract. If the parties are unable to locate a system in the area, the parties can call the Early Settlement Program under the jurisdiction of the Oklahoma Supreme Court at 1-877-521-6677 or by going online at www.oscn.net and clicking on Alternative Dispute Resolution in the left margin.
BREACH AND FAILURE TO CLOSE 
If a Breach of Contract occurs by either party, the other party shall have the remedies stated in the Contract.
INCURRED EXPENSES AND RELEASE OF EARNEST MONEY 
This provision states that the Seller and the Buyer, respectively, are responsible for any expenses incurred on their behalf and such shall be paid by the party incurring the expense and shall not be paid from the Earnest Money Deposit. The Earnest Money shall be disbursed in accordance with the Contract.
DELIVERY OF ACCEPTANCE OF OFFER OR COUNTEROFFER 
The parties authorize their respective Brokers to accept delivery of acceptance of the offer or counteroffer.
BUYER AND SELLER CONSENT 
The Buyer and the Seller give their consent that upon closing, sales information about the Property may be included in complilations of comparable sales.
EXECUTION BY PARTIES 
Execution by Parties consists of the parties’ signatures to the Contract and the date of the signature.
Termination of Offer
This portion of the Contract states the date and time when the Buyer’s Offer will terminate.
Earnest Money Receipt and Broker Acceptance
This section contains the amount of money the Buyer pays as an Earnest Money Deposit when making an Offer. The deposit will be held by the Listing Broker unless otherwise stated in the Contract (under Provision 2). Also in this section the Brokers assisting the parties agree to accept delivery of acceptance of the offer or counteroffer on behalf of the parties.
Additional Information Relating to the Contract
ALLOWABLE AND NON-ALLOWABLE CLOSING COSTS ON GOVERNMENT LOANS
The Buyer obtaining a government loan is not allowed to pay transaction fees or commissions to the broker assisting them in the transaction.
Allowable closing costs on an FHA loan that may be paid by either the Buyer or the Seller include origination fee, appraisal fee, credit report, amortization schedule, closing title company fee, title insurance, survey or mortgage inspection certificate, recording fees, mortgage certification, pest inspection, flood certification, home inspection and mortgage tax. The Buyer is required to have a 3% cash investment in the property. It is allowed for the Seller to pay all of the prepaids (interest to the end of the month, hazard insurance policy, flood insurance, escrows for insurance and taxes); however, this does not affect the down payment. The Seller concessions are limited to a total of 6% of the sales price on all the items mentioned above.
If a Seller agrees to pay funds toward closing for Buyer under FHA, funds go to prepaids first then to allowables.
Due to changes in the Buyer’s closing costs on FHA loans in January 2006, the Buyer’s former non-allowable closing costs may be paid by the Buyer or negotiated between the Buyer and the Seller, except the Seller must pay the tax service fee. The Buyer may seek the advice of the lender on other costs regarding these changes.
On a VA loan either the Buyer or the Seller may pay the closing costs detailed above, except the Seller must pay for all of the title company closing fee, the termite certificate, the amortization schedule, photos taken by the appraiser, and any final inspection by the appraiser. The Seller cannot pay any down payment if the veteran decides to obtain less than a 100% loan. On the VA loan, the Seller may pay everything including some other concessions which the lender should advise.
Non-allowables, or expenses the Buyer cannot pay on any VA loan, include a final inspection fee, if the appraiser must come back to the property to verify repairs made, or fees the lender charges such as documentation fees, processing fees, tax service or accumulative other such names of this type.
BROKER RELATIONSHIP DISCLOSURE
Written Disclosure Required that Describes Transaction Broker’s Role [TB] to the Party
Prior to the signing by a party of a contract to purchase, lease, option, or exchange real estate, a broker who is performing services as a transaction broker without a written brokerage agreement shall describe and disclose, in writing the broker’s role to the party. Note: Transaction brokerage relationship with a party does not have to be in writing; however, the transaction broker must provide the party a written disclosure describing and disclosing the broker’s role to the party.
WRITTEN BROKERAGE AGREEMENT SHALL DISCLOSE RELATIONSHIP TO PARTY
Prior to entering into a written brokerage agreement as either a transaction broker or a single-party broker, the broker shall describe and disclose in writing the broker’s relationship to the party.
A broker assisting a party as a transaction broker shall disclose to the party that the party is not vicariously liable for the acts of the transaction broker. However, a broker assisting a party as a single-party broker shall disclose to the party that the party may be vicariously liable for the acts of the single-party broker.
TRANSACTION BROKER AND/OR SINGLE-PARTY BROKER
A broker can assist a party in a transaction as a transaction broker or as a single-party broker. A broker cannot assist both parties in a transaction as a single-party broker. If a broker assists both parties in a transaction, the broker must provide services to at least one party or both parties as a transaction broker.
If a broker provides services to a party [Seller] in a real estate transaction as a single-party broker and thereafter another associate in the firm provides services to a party [prospective Buyer] as a single-party broker, then the broker shall obtain the consent of both parties to change the relationship [from single-party broker relationship] to assist at least one or both parties under a transaction broker relationship. Title 59, Section 858-355 addresses this situation and requires specific written disclosures to be given to both parties before the broker begins to perform services as a tranaction broker to either one or both of the parties and the Single-Party Broker Disclosure Form includes this disclosure. However, in the event a broker assists one party as a single-party broker and the other party as a transaction broker, an additional form is required to be completed and is entitled, “TB for One Party SP for Other.”Confidential Information
Certain information as stated in Title 59, Section 858-357 shall be considered confidential and shall not be disclosed by a broker:
- without the consent of the party disclosing the information unless consent to disclosure is granted by the party disclosing the information;
- the disclosure is required by law; or
- the information is made public or becomes public from a source other than the broker.
The broker’s conmpensation is a matter of negotiation between the Broker and the Buyer or Seller, and is not fixed, controlled, recommended or maintained by the Oklahoma Real Estate Commision.
It is the Buyer’s responsibility to determine whether there are environmental hazards such as hydrocarbon, chemical, carbon, asbestos, mold, methamphetamine, radon gas, lead-based paint, or any other toxic materials that are of concern. A good resource for this information is the Department of Environmental quality (DEQ), whose web site is www.deq.state.ok.us.
PROXIMITY OF METHAMPHETAMINE LABS
The Buyer may want to check with local authorities, police departments, etc. as these authorities have the location of properties where they have found a methamphetamine (Meth) lab on the premises. An information pamphlet on methamphetamines is also available on the Oklahoma Real Estate Commission’s web site: www.orec.ok.gov.
LEAD-BASED PAINT DISCLOSURE
With regard to properties built BEFORE 1978, HUD regulations require that the Buyer receive the Seller’s “Disclosure of Information on Lead-Based Paint and Lead-Based Hazards,” the EPA booklet entitled, “Protect Your Family from Lead in Your Home,” and the following written warning:
Every purchaser of any interest in residential real property on which a residential dwelling was built prior to 1978 is notified that such property may present exposure to lead from lead-based paint that may place young children at risk of developing lead poisoning. Lead poisoning in young children may produce permanent neurological damage, including learning disabilities, reduced intelligence quotient, behavioral problems, and impaired memory. Lead poisoning also poses a particular risk to pregnant women.
The Seller is required to provide the Buyer with any information on lead-based paint hazards from risk assessments or inspections in the Seller’s possession and notify the Buyer of any known lead-based paint hazards.
If the Buyer elects to have a risk assessment for the presence of lead-based paint and/or lead-based paint hazards, the assessment is to be completed within the 10-day period for investigations, inspections or review as stated in Provision 7 of the Contract. Any repairs to the property following the assessment are covered under provision 7C2b of the Contract.
Oklahoma has enacted a law that requires sex offenders convicted of certain sex crimes to register with law enforcement. Record keeping and notification cover only those crimes committed since 1989. Potential home buyers can check with law enforcement to obtain a list of those registered and living in a particular area by contacting their respective local police department or the Department of Corrections at (405) 425-2500.PSYCHOLOGICALLY IMPACTED PROPERTY
Psychologically impacted property is any property where certain circumstances, suspicions or facts may create emotional or psychological disturbances or concerns to a Buyer. If this is of concern to the Buyer, the law requires that the real estate licensee adhere to the following procedure:
- The Buyer must be in the process of making a bona fide offer.
- The real estate licensee must receive a request in writing from the Buyer.
- The Buyer’s written request must state that such factor is important to the decision of the Buyer.
- The real estate licensee shall make inquiry of the owner by submitting the written request to the owner.
- With the consent of the Seller, the real estate licensee will furnish the Seller’s response to the Buyer or Buyer’s Broker.
- If the seller refuses to furnish the information requested, Seller’s Broker shall so advise the Buyer or Buyer’s Broker.
- If the Buyer is requesting information concerning Acquired Immune Deficiency syndrome (AIDS) disease which falls under the privacy laws, the informaiton can only be obtained in accordance with the Public Health and Safety Statute, Title 63, O.S., 1992, Section I-502.2A.
TERMITES AND OTHER WOOD DESTROYING ORGANISM
HUD requires Form NPMA-33 Wood Destroying Insect Infestation Inspection Report for all inspections performed on existing construction. The form is valid for 90 days from the date of the inspection and is required on all single-family properties where termite inspections are required.
A termite inspection report (VA Form 26-8850) is required on all existing construction (in applicable areas) and must state that there is no evidence of active infestation,. If there is evidence of active infestation or evidence of prior termite damage, the property must be treated and/or the damage repaired prior to loan closing. If the termite report indicates possible structural damage or if the appraiser makes a requirement, a structural inspection should be required.
THE REAL ESTATE SETTLEMENT PROCEDURES ACT (RESPA)
The Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA) is a consumer protection statute, first passed in 1974. The purposes of RESPA are to help:
- consumers become better shoppers for settlement services and
- to eliminate kickbacks and referral fees that unnecessarily increase the costs of certain settlement services.
Details about RESPA correspond with the above purposes:
- RESPA requires that borrowers receive disclosures at various times. Some disclosures spell out the costs associated with the settlement, outline lender servicing and escrow account practices, and describe business relationships between settlement service providers.
- RESPA also prohibits certain practices that increase the cost of settlement services. Section 8 of RESPA prohibits a person from giving or accepting anything of value for referrals of settlement service business related to a federally related mortgage loan. It also prohibits a person from giving or accepting any part of a charge for services that are not performed. Section 9 of RESPA prohibits home Sellers from requiring home Buyers to purchase title insurance from a particular company.
In general, RESPA covers loans secured with a mortgage placed on a one-family to four-family residential property. These include most purchase loans, assumptions, refinances, property improvement loans, and equity lines of credit. HUD’s Office of RESPA and Interstate Land Sales is responsibile for enforcing RESPA.
RESPA requires disclosures to be made at the time of loan application. When borrowers apply for a mortgage loan, mortgage brokers and/or lenders must give the borrowers:
- A Special Information Booklet, which contains consumer information regarding various real estate settlement services. (These are required for purchase transactions only.)
- A Good Faith Estimate (GFE) of settlement costs, which lists the charges the Buyer is likely to pay at settlement. This is only an estimate and the actual charges may differ. If a lender requires the borrower to use a particular settlement provider, then the lender must disclose this requirement on the GFE.
- A Mortgage Servicing Disclosure Statement, which discloses to the borrower whether the lender intends to service the loan or transfer it to another lender. It also provides information about complaint resolution.
If the borrower doesn’t get these documents at the time of application, the lender must mail them within three business days of receiving the loan application.
If the lender turns down the loan within three days, however, then RESPA does not require the lender to provide these documents. For more information regarding RESPA requirements, please go to www.hud.gov.
A recorded history of a piece of land (accumulation of recorded documents) usually prepared for a mortgagee or purchaser of real property, summarizing the history of a piece of land, including all recorded conveyances, interests, liens, and encumbrances that affect title to the property.
A legal opinion on the state of title for a given piece of real property, usually describing whether the title is clear and marketable or whether it is encumbered.
Property taxes are ad valorem taxes; taxes that are levied annually according to the value of property.
The Alternative Dispute Resolution System in Oklahoma is currently made up of twelve community-based mediation centers and eleven programs developed by state agencies. This system, which was authorized (1983) and funded (1985) by the state legislature through the Oklahoma Dispute Resolution Act, 12 O.S. Supp. 1997, Section 1801 et seq., is administered and supervised by the Administrative Director of the Courts (ADC). The purpose of the system, as stated in the Act is “to provide to all citizens of this state convenient access to dispute resolution proceedings which are fair, effective, inexpensive, and expeditious.” The Act also anticipates that “such proceedings can also help alleviate the backlog of cases which burden the judicial system in this state.” To locate a system in your area go to www.oscn.net.
A right, privilege, or improvement belonging to and passing with a principal property, i.e., easement, a right-of-way, etc.
Violation of a contractual obligation, either by failing to perform one’s own promise or by interfering with another with another party’s performance.
Became effective November 1, 2000 and describes the relationships a broker can enter into with the client or customer. You can locate the Act at www.orec.ok.gov, and click on Publications.
Appliances wherein normally a structure surrounds multiple sides of such and includes slide-in ranges.
Authenticated or verified in writing; attested as being true or as meeting certain criteria.
In real estate, the final transaction between the Buyer and Seller, whereby the conveying documents are concluded and the money and property are transferred, unless otherwise agreed to by the parties.
A date agreed upon by the parties to the Contract to close the transaction.
Prior to selling or purchasing real estate the Seller or Buyer might engage the services of a real estate licensee who will render a CMA to give the Seller or Buyer an idea of what to sell or purchase in regard to real estate. The CMA is based on sales that have occurred recently in proximity to the subject property. This in no way should be confused with a real estate Appraisal that must only be prepared by a person licensed with the Oklahoma Insurance Department.
A letter whereby a finanial institution advises that the applicant has made application for pre-approval of a loan amount and based on information, i.e., pay stubs, bank statements, credit report, etc., the institution indicates that the applicant is pre-approved for a particular loan amount.
An agreement between two or more parties creating obligations that are enforceable or otherwise recognizable at law.
A party’s new offer that varies in terms from the original offer and therefore modifies the original offer.
One of two or more copies or duplicates of a legal instrument that may be executed by a party, each of which may be considered an original.
A written instrument by which title to land is conveyed. At common law, any written instrument that is signed, sealed, and delivered and that conveys some interest in real property. There are various types of Deeds, i.e., General Warranty Deed, Special Warranty Deed, Quitclaim Deed, and others. Each is unique and has different provisions.
Delivery and acceptance is required; a Deed should be recorded at the county clerk’s office.
A deposit paid (usually in escrow) by a prospective Buyer(especially of real estate) to show a good faith intention to complete the transaction, and ordinarily forfeited if the Buyer defaults. Although earnest money has traditionally been a nominal sum (such as a nickel or a dollar) used in the sale of goods, it is not a mere token in the real estate context; it may amount to many thousands of dollars. As used in this Contract, Earnest Money shall also mean an item of value.
The holder of such a document, property, or deposit; a third party depositary of an escrow.
The Federal Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act requires a Seller and Buyer to be informed of costs in connection with obtaining financing on the purchase of real property.
A document that has been signed.
The date on which an offer or the like ceases to exist.
Include chain link, stockade, metal, electrical, includes sub-surface electric and components, etc.
The right given to a Buyer to re-inspect the property just prior to Closing.
Personal property that is attached to land or a building and that is regarded as an immoveable part of the real property, such as a fireplace built into a home.
A fund established for charitable, educational, religious, research, or other benevolent purposes; an endowment.
An association of people who own homes in a given area and have united to improve or maintain the area’s quality due to such area not being maintained by a local city or county office. The Association normally has restrictions and covenants that all property owners abide with and which should be recorded in the County where the property resides. Further, each property owner is assessed an amount of money, of which is determined by the Association in their bylaws.
The assessment of a tax on property that benefits in some important way from a public improvement.
The HUD-1 Settlement Statement is a standard form that clearly shows all charges imposed on borrowers and Sellers in connection with the settlement. RESPA allows the borrower to request to see the HUD-1 Settlement Statement one day before the actual settlement. The settlement agent must then provide the borrowers with a completed HUD-1 Settlement Statement based on information known to the agent at that time.
An addition to real property that increases its value or utility or that enhances its appearance.
A contract by which a rightful possessor of real property conveys the right to use and occupy that property in exchange for consideration, usually rent.
A formal description of real property, including a description of any part subject to an easement or reservation, complete enough that a particular piece of land can be located and identified. The description can be made by reference to a government survey, metes and bounds, or lot number of a recorded plat.
Documents the lender may require prior to processing the loan.
This law can be found in Title 15, O.S., Section 215. State law indicates that a provision in a real estate sales contract, providing for the payment for damages in the event damages are sustained by a breach of the contract, shall be limited to five percent (5%) of the purchase price.
A broker licensed by the Oklahoma Real Estate Commission and who has entered into a brokerage agreement with the Seller to list their property for sale.
A statutory lien that secures payment for labor or materials supplied for improvements to real property such as a building, or the like. Also termed as laborer’s lien (for labor) and materialman’s lien (for materials).
The act or process of bringing about a resolution; wherein an unbiased third-party assists the parties (which are in conflict) and promotes or encourages a solution to the conflict that both parties can agree to.
A person to whom property is mortgaged (i.e., the Lender).
A representation of the boundaries of a parcel of real property and the improvements thereon and shall not be designated as or construed as being a land or boundary survey.
A title policy designed to protect the interest of the lender against unknown defects.
A person who mortgages property (i.e., the Borrower).
Normal working order is defined as a system or component function, without defect, for the primary purpose and manner for which it was installed. (Defect means a condition, malfunction or problem, which is not decorative, that would have a materially adverse effect on the value of a system or component, or would impair the health or safety of the occupants or Buyer.)
Expressed written intent of Buyer, to enter into a contract on specified terms, made in a way that would lead a reasonable person, the Seller, to understand that acceptance of such offer will result in a binding contract.
One who receives an offer.
One that makes an offer.
(To be established in the near future) this foundation is a non-profit foundation that donates funds to charities for education, research, and housing assistance for the homeless. The Foundation will receive the interest accrued from brokers’ funds that are placed in interest bearing accounts. Brokers will sign forms to allow the sweep of brokers’ interest into the Foundation.
A policy protecting the equity of the Buyer against monetary loss resulting from unknown defects.
The Buyer(s) or Seller(s).
There are different types of surveys and the Buyer’s cost will depend on the type of survey selected by the Buyer. For example: A boundary (staked survey) is the physical location of boundary corners, and some details such as fence lines, platted easements, and other easements given to the surveyor.
The right under which one may exercise control over something to the exclusion of all others on the date as stated in the Contract.
The Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA) is a consumer protection statute, first passed in 1974. The purposes of RESPA are:
- to help consumers become better shoppers for settlement services and
- to eliminate kickbacks and referral fees that unnecessarily increase the costs of certain settlement services.
RESPA requires that borrowers receive disclosures at various times. Some disclosures spell out the costs associated with the settlement, outline lender servicing and escrow account practices, and describe business relationships between settlement service providers.
RESPA also prohbits certain practices that increase the cost of settlement services. Section 8 of RESPA prohibits a person from giving or accepting anything of value for referrals of settlement service business related to a federally related mortgage loan. It also prohibits a person from giving or accepting any part of a charge for sevices that are not performed. Section 9 of RESPA prohibits home sellers from requiring home buyers to purchase title insurance from a particular company.
RESPA covers loans secured with a mortgage placed on a one-family to four-family residential property. These include most purchase loans, assumptions, refinances, property improvement loans, and equity lines of credit. HUD’s Office of RESPA and Interstate Land Sales is responsible for enforcing RESPA.
The amount a Seller agrees to pay towards treatments, repairs, and/or replacements in connection with the sales contract.
Seller’s statement that:
- they are unaware of any defect on the property;
- they have no knowledge about the condition of the property; and
- they have never lived in the property.
The Seller is required to disclose knowledge and information regarding the condition of the property. This form is to be given to the Buyer prior to the Seller accepting the Buyer’s offer to purchase.
A service agreement that covers a home for a period of time against items listed in the policy.
A broker who is licensed by the Oklahoma Real Estate Commission and has entered into a broker relationship with the Buyer.
Funds paid in advance by a person who is leasing real property to guarantee the performance of an obligation.
Money assessed to property owners within a homeowner’s’ association to improve and maintain common areas.
A tax levied for a unique purpose.
A court-ordered remedy that requires precise fulfillment of a legal or contractual obligation when monetary damages are inappropriate or inadequate, as when the sale of real estate or a rare article is involved. Specific performance is an equitable remedy that lies within the court’s discretion to award whenever the common-law remedy is insufficient, either because damages would be inadequate or because the damages could not possibly be established.
The right to search for, develop, and remove minerals from land or to receive a royalty based on the production of minerals. Such a right is usually granted by a sub-surface, mineral, and water rights lease that is entered into between the owner and company desiring to lease the rights.
Any of numerous pale-colored soft-bodied insects that live in colonies consisting of winged or wingless forms that feed on wood, and are very destructive to wooden structures and trees.
The date on which a contract or other instrument becomes enforceable or otherwise takes effect, which sometimes differs from the date on which it was signed.
Criteria by which a real estate title can be evaluated to determine whether it is defective or marketable. Many states, through associations or conveyancers and real estate attorneys, have adopted title standards.
A comprehensive indemnity contract under which a title insurance company warrants to make good a loss arising through defects in title to real estate or any liens or encumbrances thereon.
An account held by a real estate broker to deposit items (monies or other valuables of others) held in regard to the real estate transaction.
Private utility companies that provide service to local residents wherein no public service is available.
A deed containing one or more covenants of title; especially, a deed that expressly guarantees the grantor’s good, clear title and that contains covenants concerning the quality of title, including warranties of seisin, quiet enhoyment, right to convey, freedom from encumbrances, and defense of title against all claims.
Insects or organisms, other than termites, which damage or destroy wood or other cellulose materials, including but not limited to carpenter ants, carpenter bees, powder post beetles, and wood rot fungi. This term shall not include other fungi which inhabit but do not damage or destroy wood or other cellulose materials, health hazard molds, or stain fungi.
A document issued which contains statements or certifications as to the presence or absence of termites and other wood destroying organisms, and the presence or absence of damage. The Wood Infestation Report does not include a bid or proposal for treatment.
A person completing a Wood Infestation Report must be certified or licensed and is under the jurisdiction of the Oklahoma Department of Agriculture (www.oda.state.ok.us). Each report prepared must be in compliance with the standards set by the Department. A person performing an inspection must be a certified applicator or a certified service technician; any person issuing such a report must be certified in structural pest control. The business responsible for the Wood Inspection Report must have a current license in structural pest control.